Contact Us

    By clicking ‘send’ you agree to E2 Architecture and Interiors Ltd storing and using the information above as set out in their Privacy Policy

    Download Fact Sheet

    The George & Dragon



    This 18th Century building was ‘remodelled’ over it’s Georgian basement and cellar vaults by the Victorians. The building was extensively modified, the resultant works exacerbating the existing precarious structural skeleton of the building. The Victorians took out both the spine wall and the original gable wall at ground floor in order to open up the pub. These walls were providing lateral support. Therefore the iron columns between the windows at ground floor, supporting large timber beams and the masonry of upper floors, have been relied on for over one hundred years to keep the building stable.


    The decision to remove the only lateral support at ground floor level was all the more incredible given that none of the structural elements were tied together. The structure relied on gravity to stay in place. Enter the Luftwaffe in WWII and a colossal bomb drop metres from the pub and this was enough to start the building on it’s trajectory – gradually falling into Greenwell Street. Once we had revealed the structure in the building it was apparent that the elevations to Greenwell Street and Cleveland Street had moved by well over four inches from their original position.


    As demonstrated by this photo, showing a timber beam hanging in space having fallen out of its notch in the ring beam, all the structural elements holding up the floors, internal walls and providing stability to the external walls had no positive fixings. The historic damage resulted in movement apart of these elements. The floor beams had fallen out of the ring beams in the external walls, so that the floors were hanging in space. In many ways it is miraculous that the floors didn’t fall down into the pub. All that appeared to be keeping them there was plaster – and the memory of where they should be!


    Due to the movement, but also the age of the property and a lack of maintenance, the building was rife with timber rot. This was extensive in the roof, but water was also seeping into the vaults and basement from the surrounding earth. The building was therefore damp from top to base. A Timber Damp Surveyor located the damp and advised the remedial strategy for treatment of the Listed fabric and/or replacement of elements that were beyond salvage.

    Have a similar project in mind?

    Get in touch for a free appraisal.

    Request a call


    A significant improvement to the pub layout involved moving the WC (previously located in the pub) to the basement, whilst creating a separate entrance to the residential upper floors ancillary to the pub. This involved removing the unsympathetic ground floor concrete slab to the two storey extension to create a new staircase to basement, and separated access to the stairs to the upper floors. A new lantern was installed at the top of the existing stair atrium.


    Creating this new circulation strategy was coupled with a Conservation Architecture approach to the remedial works, in order to consolidate the structure. New steel posts and beams were installed to form the structure around the new staircase to the basement, this was then tied into the existing structure under the gable wall. All the existing primary and secondary structural elements throughout the rest of the building were tied together with the use of discreet structural ties and shoes for timber elements, and reinforced concrete strapping to masonry, so as to have as minimal impact on the listed structure as possible.

    What Kind of Client Are You?

    Each project brief and each site is unique. We work with private clients to realise their dream homes and developer/investor clients to build profitable property portfolios on residential, commercial and mixed-use projects.

    So that we can give you the most relevant advice about your project please follow the links below.

    Sam Cooper


    You will:

    • Rest assured that you have achieved the maximum value from your site.
    • Give delight to all those who experience your new property.
    • Be happy in the knowledge that you have enacted the most appropriate scheme.
    • Be confident you have achieved the best return on your investment, for you and the property.
    • Be proud you have enacted a positive and sustainable impact on the environment.
    • Have peace of mind with an accredited RIBA award winning Architect working on your project.
    • Have sophisticated contemporary architecture that inspires and works to deliver you maximum comfort.

    We guarantee:

    • E2 Director Sam Cooper will be lead consultant on your project from inception to completion.
    • We will explore all viable options for the project to ensure that you receive the return on the investment that you desire.
    • We will add lasting value to you and your asset.
    • We will agree a project programme and constantly review and report against it.
    • We will respond to all communication within 24hrs in the working week.
    • Our entire team will be dedicated to delivering complete customer satisfaction.
    • You will be delighted with the result.


    We can’t guarantee the result of any planning application, but we can guarantee that we will use our skill, care and expertise to give you the best chance of success in what you aspire to.

    Sam Cooper


    "E2's work on Grade II Listed The George and Dragon has resulted in the enhancement and preservation of one of London’s historic pubs, which was in danger of collapse."

    "E2 are one of our retained architects working on a broad scope of projects, including work in heritage and conservation on Listed Buildings and office and commercial refurbishments and fit-outs. E2 are adept at achieving a high quality finish, which they always make value judgement arguments for.

    Their work on Grade II Listed The George and Dragon has resulted in the enhancement and preservation of one of London’s historic pubs, which was in danger of collapse.

    E2 are a valued member of the design team, always responding proactively to changes in brief or scope on a variety of projects they have worked on for us. Their strength is in nimble thinking and speed of response. Whenever work is required it is always delivered to the highest quality and on time. I can recommend E2 in full confidence."

    Scott Payne, Development Manager-Max Barney

    Developer Client, The George & Dragon

    Our No Obligation Consultancies

    The success of your project can be measured in many
    ways. But at the core is what value has been added to
    the site in the process of a project.

    We will work with you to ensure every potential
    to increase value is explored at every stage of the project.

    Our clients have profited from our imagination in many
    different ways.

    Our promise to you is our continual planning for
    maximised gain, from a strategic level right down to
    the detail.

    Contact Us

      By clicking ‘send’ you agree to E2 Architecture and Interiors Ltd storing and using the information above as set out in their Privacy Policy